Pentamidine Isethionate for Injection

General Information

Pentamidine Isethionate is a prescription used to treat a serious lung infection called Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP). This usually occurs in people with a weak immune system. This may also occur with those having an immune system problem such as acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). PCP is a type of infection caused by a yeast-like fungus.

How does Pentamidine Isethionate work?

Pentamidine Isethionate interferes with nuclear metabolism. That it produces inhibition of the synthesis of RNA, DNA, phospholipids, and proteins. This stops the growth and development of protozoa that causes pneumonia.

Why use Pentamidine Isethionate?

Pentamidine Isethionate belongs to the class of drugs called antiprotozoals. This kills the organism that causes the infection. This is an antifungal agent and is a nonpyrogenic lyophilized product. Pentamidine Isethionate occurs as a white crystalline powder that is soluble in water and glycerine. Each vial contains 300 mg of Pentamidine Isethionate. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has already approved this medication.

How to use Pentamidine Isethionate?

The recommended dosage for Pentamidine Isethionate is based on your age, medical condition, and response to it. This is to be taken exactly as it is prescribed by your doctor. Do not take on a small or larger amount. It may cause other complications or may worsen your condition.

This medication is given by injection into a muscle or vein. This is usually given once daily or as directed by your doctor. If it is given by injection into a vein, it is slowly injected over 1-2 hours. If you notice redness, leakage, or pain during injection into your vein, tell it to your doctor right away. If this medication is given by injection into a muscle, it is usually injected into the buttock or hip area.

What are the side effects of Pentamidine Isethionate?

  • Upset stomach
  • Cough
  • Nausea
  • Loss of appetite
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Unusual taste in the mouth
  • Burning feeling in the throat
  • Dry mouth

Warnings and Precautions

  • Do not use the liquid if there is discoloration or some other particles.
  • Do not suddenly stop using this treatment without consulting your doctor.
  • Tell to your doctor if your condition gets worse or if it does not improve.
  • Let your doctor know if you have a medical history of heart problems, low blood pressure, or diabetes.
  • This should only be used when needed during pregnancy. If you are breastfeeding women, consult your doctor first. You may not be able to breastfeed while taking this drug.