What condition does Epirubicin Hydrochloride treat?
Epirubicin Hydrochloride is used as a component of adjuvant therapy. This is usually recommended in patients with evidence of axillary node tumor involvement of primary breast cancer. This is used after surgery whose cancer has spread to the lymph nodes under the arm.
This prescription is an anti-cancer and chemotherapy drug. This is classified as an anthracycline antitumor antibiotic. This drug is provided as a sterile, translucent red solution. It is available in polypropylene vials. It is also a preservative-free and ready-to-use solution. This medication was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 1999.
How does Epirubicin Hydrochloride work?
Malignant breast cancer is categorized by the out-of-control development of breast cells. The female breast is composed of glands that create milk called lobules. Patients may develop cancer in different parts of the breast. The most common type of breast cancer begins in the ducts.
Epirubicin Hydrochloride works by attacking and damaging the DNA. It is in the cancer cells that make it unable to divide and reproduce. It results in the death of cancer cells.
What is the recommended dosage for Epirubicin Hydrochloride?
Epirubicin Hydrochloride is given by injection into a vein by a doctor or healthcare professional. The dosage is based on your medical condition and response.
The recommended starting dose of this medication is 100 mg to 120mg. It is administered intravenously repeated 3 to 4-week cycles. Drink plenty of fluids while using this drug. Doing so helps decrease the risk of certain side effects.
If this medication touches your skin, wash the area well with plenty of water right away. You may also use soap and water or a mixture of baking soda in plenty of water. If this gets in your eye, open the eyelids and flush with water for 15 minutes, then call your doctor right away.
What are the side effects of Epirubicin Hydrochloride?
- Temporary hair loss
- Feeling weak or tired
- Missed menstrual periods
- Hot flashes
- Mild nausea
- Eye redness
- Puffy eyelids
What are the precautions in taking Epirubicin Hydrochloride?
- Before using this medication, let your doctor know if you have medical history especially of kidney disease, liver disease, or heart disease.
- This medication may make you more sensitive to the sun. Wear protective clothing and use sunscreen when outdoors.
- This is not recommended for use during pregnancy. If you are breastfeeding women, consult your doctor first.
- Tell your doctor if you previously received radiation therapy or ever had kidney or liver disease.
- Do not have vaccinations or immunizations without the consent of your doctor. Also, avoid contact with individuals who have recently received flu vaccine inhaled through the nose or oral polio vaccine. Wash your hands well to prevent the spread of infections.
- Caution is recommended when using this medication in children because they might be more sensitive to the effects of the medicine, especially its effects on the heart.
- This medicine can affect menstruation in females and cause premature menopause. Consult your doctor for details.