Dapagliflozin

Where is Dapagliflozin used?

Dapagliflozin is used with a proper diet and exercise program to control high blood sugar in people with type 2 diabetes. Proper control of diabetes may also reduce your risk of a heart attack or stroke. This belongs to the group of medications known as oral antihyperglycemic agents.

Dapagliflozin is available as a film-coated tablet for oral administration. In the year 2014, this medication has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

How does Dapagliflozin work?

Dapagliflozin works by targeting and helping to stop sodium-glucose transport proteins from allowing glucose that has been filtered out of the blood. It is by the kidneys to be reabsorbed back into the blood. This drug is a sodium-glucose cotransporter (SGLT2) inhibitor. SGLT2 is found in the kidney tubules. By inhibiting SGLT2, it reduces the reabsorption of filtered glucose. It also consequently increases the excretion of glucose in the urine.

How is Dapagliflozin taken?

The recommended starting dose of Dapagliflozin is 5 mg once a day. It is to be taken in the morning with or without food. The dose may be increased to 10 mg once daily for those tolerating this drug that requires an additional glycemic control. Use this medication exactly as it is directed. Take it at the same time each day. Do not change the prescribed dose or the dosing schedule without consulting your doctor.

Your doctor may start you on a low dose of this medicine and increase your dose if needed. Dapagliflozin helps to control your condition but does not cure it. Continue to take the medicine even if you feel well. Do not stop taking it without talking to your doctor.

What are the possible side effects of Dapagliflozin?

  • Nausea
  • Back pain
  • Sore throat
  • Runny or stuffy nose
  • Constipation
  • Pain in the extremities
  • Changes in urination (urgent need to urinate more often, urinating in large amounts, or discomfort when urinating)

What are the precautions in taking Dapagliflozin?

  • Talk to your doctor first about the risks and benefits of this medication.
  • Before taking this, tell your doctor if you are allergic to it or if you have any allergies. If you have any signs of an allergic reaction, call for emergency assistance right away.
  • If you are having surgery, tell the doctor that you are taking this medicine. Your doctor will probably tell you to stop taking the medicine at least 3 days before surgery.
  • Alcohol may cause a change in blood sugar. Ask your doctor about the safe use of alcoholic beverages while you are taking this medicine.
  • If you get sick, experience unusual stress, develop fever or infection, or are injure ask your doctor what to do. These conditions can affect your blood sugar and the amount of Dapagliflozin you may need.
  • This is not prescribed for pregnant women. Call your doctor if you get pregnant while having this treatment.
  • Consult your doctor if you are breastfeeding women.
  • Do not share this with others even if they have the same symptoms as yours.
  • Keep this away from moisture, heat, and the reach of children.