An outbreak of deadly respiratory disease, Coronavirus, spread rapidly throughout Wuhan, China, and crosses globally in December 2019. If you can remember back to February 2003, there’s the first pandemic of the 21st century which is a severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). This disease was reported in ASIA just over 17 years ago. A global outbreak infected over 8,000 individuals worldwide. Recently, it was found out that SARS was caused by a coronavirus called SARS-associated coronavirus or SARS-CoV. These two illnesses are quite distinct while there are similarities as well.

What Causes COVID-19 and SARS?

Both COVID-19 and SARS are caused by a specific human coronavirus. An important note here is that they are caused by different specific coronaviruses. COVID-19 is caused by a new coronavirus which is SARS-CoV-2 and SARS is caused by a coronavirus called SARS-CoV. Coronavirus is an infectious viral disease agent typically with a genome of single-stranded RNA. This can infect humans and might cause severe respiratory syndrome.

What Are The Symptoms Of COVID-19 and SARS?

SARS can be hard to identify because it imitates other respiratory diseases. Symptoms of this disease are flu-like which begins with a fever and progresses to;

  • An overall feeling of discomfort
  • Headache
  • Body pain
  • Chills
  • Pneumonia
  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Sore throat
  • Diarrhea
  • Hypoxia which is not having enough oxygen in the blood

The symptoms of COVID-19 are just the same as SARS but people can also be infected without showing any symptoms. People who don’t seem to be sick can still spread the virus and those infected can carry the virus for 2 days and even up to 2 weeks before symptoms will show. Here the lists of COVID-19 symptoms:

  • Cough
  • Diarrhea
  • Chills or fever
  • Fatigue
  • Shortness of breath
  • Headache
  • Vomiting
  • Sore throat
  • Loss of smell or taste
  • Body or muscle aches
  • Nausea
  • Runny nose

How Serious Are COVID-19 And SARS?

These diseases are contagious and fatal sometimes. Accordingly, people older than 60 and those with underlying conditions are at the highest risk of serious complications. As COVID-19 is still being studied, the most seriously affected are:

  • Older adults
  • People with heart disease, diabetes, or lung disease
  • People who are immunocompromised

How To Prevent Being Infected?

It is highly recommended to practice good hygiene even in a pandemic or all other times. Avoid as well as unnecessary travel and contact with others. Cleaning products are very effective and must be at the front line. Washing your valuable items or your hands with soap removes superficial contamination and breaks down the fatty envelope that protects coronavirus. It also removes any contamination from your skin. Additionally, it is important to keep clean the surfaces you come into close contact with as well. You can clean them by washing it with water and soap or wiping them down with wipes and disinfectant. Health professionals are also suggesting avoid touching the face, as this is how the virus is most often transported from surfaces that are contaminated. Other ways to prevent the spread is to always catch your sneezes or coughs with a tissue or the crook of your elbow, avoiding large crowds, and staying at home as much as possible.