Conjugated Estrogens

Where are Conjugated Estrogens used?

Conjugated Estrogens is a female hormone used by women to help reduce the symptoms of menopause like hot flashes or vaginal dryness. These symptoms are caused by the body making less estrogen. Certain estrogen products may also be used by women after menopause. It is to prevent bone loss from osteoporosis. For some estrogen products, it may also be used by men and women to treat cancer like breast or prostate cancer. It is when cancer has already spread to the other parts of the body.

Conjugated Estrogens belongs to the class of medications known as estrogen replacement therapy. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved this treatment in the year 1998.

How do Conjugated Estrogens work?

Conjugated Estrogens work by agonistically binding to the estrogen receptors alpha and beta. The estrogen receptors differ in amount and proportion according to the tissues. The activity of these conjugated estrogens is very variable.

The movement made by the conjugated estrogens is driven by the increase in the synthesis of RNA, DNA, and various proteins in responsive tissues. In which it will lessen the release of a follicle-stimulating hormone, gonadotropin-releasing hormone, and luteinizing hormone.

How are Conjugated Estrogens taken?

The dose is based on your medical condition and response.

Conjugated Estrogens are to be taken by mouth with a full glass of water. You may take it with or without food. You may also take it with food or right after a meal to prevent stomach upset. Swallow the tablet as a whole. Take it regularly or exactly as directed by your doctor.

Follow your dosing schedule carefully. To help you remember, take it at the same time each day as directed. Take this medication regularly to get the most benefit from it. Do not increase your dose or take this medication more often or for a longer time than directed. Tell your doctor if your condition does not improve or if it worsens.

What are the possible side effects of Conjugated Estrogens?

  • Nausea
  • Bloating
  • Headache
  • Freckles or darkening of facial skin
  • Loss of scalp hair
  • Vaginal itching or discharge
  • Decreased sex drive
  • Dizziness
  • Stomach upset or cramps
  • Vomiting
  • Breast tenderness or swelling
  • Weight or appetite changes
  • Increased hair growth
  • Changes in your menstrual periods
  • Nervousness
  • Tired feeling

Call your doctor right away if you have these:

  • Breast lumps
  • Severe stomach or abdominal pain
  • Yellowing eyes or skin
  • Persistent nausea or vomiting
  • Increased thirst or urination
  • Dark urine

What are the precautions in taking Conjugated Estrogens?

  • Before taking this prescription, inform your doctor if you have any medical history, current medications, or any allergies.
  • You should not share this with others who have the same symptoms as yours.
  • Using this medication while you are pregnant might harm your unborn baby. Use an effective method of birth control to keep from being pregnant. Tell your doctor right away if you think you have become pregnant while using the medicine.
  • Before you have any medical tests, tell the doctor in charge that you are taking this drug. The results of some tests may be affected by this medicine.
  • Keep this far from the reach of children.