Cephalexin

What condition does Cephalexin treat?

Cephalexin is an FDA-approved prescription used for the treatment of a wide variety of bacterial infections. These infections may include:

  • Bone infections
  • Respiratory tract infections
  • Skin and skin structure infections
  • Otitis media (middle ear infections)
  • Genitourinary (urinary tract) infections

This medication is also used to prevent endocarditis that is caused by an infection. It is an inflammation of the heart valve. Cephalexin helps fight the bacteria in your body.

How does Cephalexin work?

Cephalexin is a semisynthetic cephalosporin antibiotic drug that works by stopping or slowing the development of bacterial cells. It is by stopping bacteria from developing the cell wall that surrounds each cell. The cell wall defends bacteria from the exterior environment and keeps the substances of the cell together. Bacteria are not able to survive without a cell wall.

This medication should only be used to treat bacterial infections. This will not work for viral infections such as flu or the common cold. Unnecessary use or misuse of any antibiotic may lead to its decreased effectiveness.

What is the recommended dosage for Cephalexin?

  • Cephalexin is to be taken by mouth usually every 6 to 12 hours.
  • Each dose may be taken with or without a meal.
  • The recommended dosage is based on your medical condition and response to treatment. In children, the dosage is also based on weight.
  • Remember to take the medicine at the same time every day.
  • Do not take it more often more than the prescription.
  • For the best result, take it regularly.
  • Let your doctor know if your condition does not improve or get worse.
  • Continue taking this medication until the full prescription is done or even if the symptoms disappear after a few days. Stopping the treatment with this medication too early might permit the bacteria to continue to develop and grow. Wherein, it may result in a return of the infection.

What are the side effects of Cephalexin?

  • Dizziness
  • Diarrhea
  • Headache
  • Tiredness
  • Abdominal pain
  • Stomach upset
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Swelling
  • Itching
  • Joint pain
  • Vaginal itching or discharge

What are the precautions in taking Cephalexin?

  • Before taking Cephalexin, tell your doctor if you are allergic to it. Tell also if you have any allergies or medical history.
  • You should not use this to treat other conditions unless it is given by your doctor.
  • Do not share this with others who have the same symptoms as yours.
  • Inform your doctor if you have current medications or treatments.
  • If you are a pregnant or breastfeeding woman, consult your doctor first.
  • Antibiotics may cause diarrhea, which might be a sign of a new infection. If you have diarrhea that is bloody or watery, call your doctor before using an anti-diarrhea prescription.
  • This drug could affect the results of certain medical assessments. Inform any doctor who treats you that you are using this medicine.
  • Get emergency medical assistance if you have signs of an allergic reaction to this drug. Some of the signs of an allergic reaction may include difficulty breathing, hives, swelling in your face or throat. It may also be a severe skin reaction along with sore throat, fever, burning eyes, or skin pain.