Zolmitriptan

Zolmitriptan

What isZolmitriptan and where it is used?

Zolmitriptanis a type of medicine called serotonin agonist or 5HT. This is used for thetreatment of migraines. Migraine is a repeated type of headache. They causemoderate to severe pain that is pulsing or throbbing. The pain is frequently onone side of your head. This medication helps relieve pain, headache, and othermigraine symptoms such as:

  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Sensitivity to light or sound 

Prompttreatment helps you to return to your normal routine. It may also lessen yourneed for other pain medications. 

How doesZolmitriptan work?

Thismedicine works by stimulating receptors called serotonin receptors that arefound in the brain. A natural substance called serotonin normally acts on thesereceptors. It causes blood vessels in the brain to narrow. Zolmitriptan mimicsthis action of serotonin by directly stimulating the serotonin receptors in thebrain. This narrows the blood vessels and so relieves the pain of migraineheadaches. 

The doseof Zolmitriptan should be taken as early as possible after the migraineheadache has started. Though, it is also effective if taken at a later stageduring the migraine attack. This drug usually provides significant relief fromthe migraine within an hour of taking them. 

How touse it?

Zolmitriptancomes as a tablet for oral use. This is to be taken by mouth usually at thefirst sign of a migraine headache. If your symptoms improve after you takeZolmitriptan but return after 2 hours or longer, you may take a second tablet.If your condition or symptoms does not improve do not take the second tablet withoutcalling your doctor. Your doctor will tell you the maximum number of tablets ororally disintegrating tablets you may take in 24 hours. 

Followthe directions on your prescription label carefully and ask your doctor toexplain any part you do not understand. Take Zolmitriptan exactly as directed.Do not take more or less of it or take it more often than prescribed by yourdoctor. If you take Zolmitriptan more often or for longer than the recommendedperiod, your headaches may get worse or may occur more frequently. You shouldnot take this drug or any other headache medication for more than 10 days permonth. Call your doctor if you need to take Zolmitriptan to treat more thanthree headaches in 1 month.

What arethe side effects?

Commonside effects:

  • Dizziness
  • Drowsiness
  • Weakness
  • Dry mouth
  • Nausea
  • Pressure or heavy feeling in any part of your body 
  • Unusual or unpleasant taste in your mouth 

Stopusing the medicine and call your doctor if you have the following side effects:

  • Fast or pounding heartbeat
  • Dizziness
  • Feeling tightness in your jaw
  • Sudden and severe stomach pain
  • Bloody diarrhea 

Precautions 

  • Inform your doctor about any other medications you are taking. 
  • If you ever had an allergic reaction to this drug, let your doctor know. 
  • Consult your doctor first before taking a dose if you are pregnant or breastfeeding women. 
  • This drug might make you feel dizzy or drowsy. Avoid using any machinery or driving until you know how the drug affects you. 
  • This is not recommended for use in people aged 65 years and older.