Sickle Cell Disease (SCD)

Sickle cell

Sickle cell disease (SCD) also known as “sickle cell”. Anemia is a red blood cell inherited that merged. If a person has an SCD, they should be responsible for keeping their lifestyle healthy. They can live full lives and enjoy the most. In SCD, the RBC (red blood cell) becomes hard and sticky. It forms a shape farm tool like C called “sickle”.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

The signs/symptoms will give you a clue and will make you even think a way to cure it. But with the following will help you prevent SCD:

RISK FACTORS

The following are the person who is at risk of having this disease:

  • Diabetic person
  • Obese person
  • History of a family case having a cardiac arrest
  • History of SCD
  • Failure of heart / Heart Failure
  • Dilated cardiomyopathy
  • Syncope
  • Having some significant changes in levels of magnesium and potassium
  • Having blood vessels abnormalities
  • Using drugs that are “pro-arrhythmic
  • Ejection of fraction

DIAGNOSIS

The doctor will suggest a patient a blood test. It will check for hemoglobin S. The hemoglobin is the one who underlies the SCD. Children and adult can do some test.

If the test is negative therefore there is no sickle cell gene. But when the result is positive, other tests will be done. It is to determine if there is one or two sickle cell genes are present.

  • Blood test
  • Hb electrophoresis

PREVENTIVE MEASURES

The following are some things you need to know to avoid your risk of this disease:

  • Drink water to avoid dehydration. It can increase the risk of a person of a sickle cell crisis.
  • Aim at least 8 glasses of water every day.
  • Have a daily exercise. Make sure to exercise in shaded areas. Avoid also extreme temperatures.

TREATMENT

People with SCD should have their regular checkups to their doctors. An ultrasound may help the doctor identify children at high risk for stroke.

The doctor may suggest a bone marrow transplant. It offers the only potential way to cure sickle cell anemia. It is reserved for the people aging 16 years old and younger. It is because risks can be advanced to the people aging 17 and older.

Medication such as using medicine like:

  • Anti-biotic
  • Pain-relieving medications
  • Hydroxyurea (Drixia, Hydrea)
  • Assessing stroke risk
  • Vaccination to prevent infection
  • Bone marrow transplant
  • Blood transfusions
  • Treating sickle cell complications

Experimental treatment such as:

  • Gene therapy
  • Nitric oxide
  • Drugs to help boost fetal hemoglobin production