Rivastigmine Tartrate is a prescription used for the treatment of dementia. It is related to Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease. Dementia is not a specific disease and is an overall term that describes a group of symptoms. Dementia may affect memory as well as thinking and social abilities. These are severe enough to interfere with your daily life. Through this condition, it usually involves memory loss with different causes. In older adults, Alzheimer’s disease is the most common cause of progressive dementia. The symptoms of dementia vary depending on the cause but common signs and symptoms may include:
- Memory loss is usually noticed by family members
- Difficulty communicating or finding words
- Difficulty reasoning or problems solving
- Difficulty with visual and spatial abilities like getting lost while driving
- Difficulty with planning and organizing
- Difficulty handling complete tasks
- Difficulty with coordination and motor functions
- Disorientation or confusion
Dementiamay also cause psychological changes such as:
- Personality changes
- Inappropriate behavior
Dementiaranges in severity from the mildest stage. It is when just the beginning toaffect a person’s functioning. The most severe stage is when the person mustdepend completely on others for basic activities of living. This conditionoccurs when once-healthy neurons in the brain stop working, lose connectionswith other cells, and die. While everyone loses some neurons as they age,people with dementia experience far greater loss.
RivastigmineTartrate belongs to the class of medications called cholinesterase inhibitors.This comes as a capsule for oral administration. Each capsule is available inthe dosage forms of 1.5 mg, 3 mg, 4.5 mg, and 6 mg. The Food and DrugAdministration (FDA) already approved this medication.
How doesthis medication work?
RivastigmineTartrate slows the breakdown of a neurotransmitter in the brain calledacetylcholine. Neurotransmitters are stored in nerve cells in the brain andnervous system. These are also involved in transmitting messages between thenerve cells. The acetylcholinesterase is being broken down by another naturalchemical as wells as acetylcholine in the brain is continually being releasedby nerve cells.
One ofthe features of both Alzheimer’s diseaseandParkinson’sdisease appears to be a lower than normal level of acetylcholine in the brain.This is due in part to degeneration of brain cells, in particular, those thatnormally release acetylcholine. This drug increases the level of acetylcholinein the brain. It is by preventing the action of acetylcholinesterase which isthe compound that usually breaks it down. This reduces the collapse ofacetylcholine that is unconstrained from lasting safe nerve cells in thebrain.
Thismedication may take as long as 12 weeks to begin working. Individual responsesto this medication will vary. This drug does not affect the basic progressiveprocess of the disease. The result of this is an increased activity ofacetylcholine in the brain. This improves the cognitive processes like learningand memory, thinking, and improves symptoms of dementia.
How touse this medicine?
Therecommended starting dose of Rivastigmine Tartrate is 1.5 mg twice a day. Eachdose is to be taken with food. Your doctor will usually begin with a low doseand gradually increase it over 2-4 weeks. The maximum recommended adult dose is6 milligrams twice a day. Remember to take it at the same time and in the sameway each day. Take it regularly for the best benefit of this product. Drinkplenty of fluids while having this treatment.
Thecapsule is to be taken by mouth depending on the dosage that will be prescribedto you. Swallow the capsule as a whole with a full glass of water. Do notbreak, chew, or crush it. Take each dose exactly as it is given by your doctor.Do not take in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than the prescription.Let your doctor know if your condition does not improve or if it getsworse.
Possibleside effects of this drug:
- Upset stomach
- Loss of appetite
- Weight loss
- Joint pain
- Swelling in your hands or feet
- Runny or stuffy nose
- Insomnia or sleep problems
- Increased sweating
Let yourdoctor know if you have these serious side effects:
- Slow or irregular heartbeat
- Vomit that looks like coffee grounds
- Black stools
- Severe stomach or abdominal pain
- Trouble urinating
If youhave signs of an allergic reaction, call your doctor right away:
- Hives or itching
- Swelling of your lips, face, throat, or tongue
- Trouble breathing
Things toremember while having this drug:
- When starting treatment with Rivastigmine Tartrate, the dose is being increased slowly to lessen the chances of side effects.
- If a dose is accidentally missed, just leave out the missed dose and take your next dose as usual at the same time. Do not take a double dose to make up for the missed one.
- This drug should not be used in people who are allergic to any ingredient of this product and those who are pregnant or breastfeeding.
- In people with severe dementia associated with Parkinson’s or other types of dementia or memory problems, this drug should not be used.
- This should be used with caution in people with liver or kidney problems, heart problems, current active peptic ulcers with a history of asthma, or seizures.
- Rivastigmine Tartrate can potentially worsen the movement-related symptoms of Parkinson’s like tremors. People with this disease should be monitored for these problems as this drug may not be suitable for them.
- Let your doctor know if you have any medical history such as problems urinating, lung or breathing problems, and stomach or intestinal problems.
- Do not share this with others even if they have the same symptoms as yours.
- This medication may make you dizzy or drowsy. Do not drive or operate any machinery until you can do it safely.
- Tell your doctor if you have current medications including herbal supplements or vitamins.
- While having Rivastigmine Tartrate, limit alcoholic beverages.
- Keep this product at room temperature far from moisture or heat.