Propafenone is indicated for thetreatment of certain types of serious irregular heartbeat such as:
- Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia
- Atrial fibrillation
Paroxysmal supraventriculartachycardia is an abnormally fast heartbeat. It has a broad term that includesmany forms of heart rhythm problems. Most people with rare episodes of thiscondition live healthy lives without restrictions or interventions. For some,treatment and lifestyle changes can sometimes or eliminate rapid heartbeats. Itmay come and go suddenly with stretches of normal heart rates in between. Symptomsmay last anywhere from a few minutes to a few days and some people have nosymptoms at all. Some signs and symptoms may be:
- Rapid heartbeat or palpitations
- A fluttering in your chest
- Light-headedness or dizziness
- Shortness of breath
- Fainting or near fainting
- A pounding sensation in the neck
Atrial fibrillation is oftenirregular or rapid heart rate. That it may increase your risk of strokes, heartfailure, or other heart-related complications. Episodes of this condition may changeor you may cultivate atrial fibrillation that does not go away and may needtreatment. Some people with atrial fibrillation have no signs and are unawareof their condition. Those who do have this condition may experience signs andsymptoms such as:
- Reduced ability to exercise
- Shortness of breath
- Chest pain
Propafenone is in the class ofdrugs known as anti-arrhythmic. This blocks the activity of certain electricalsignals in the heart that cause an irregular heartbeat. Treating an irregularheartbeat can lessen the risk of blood clots. This effect can decrease yourrisk of heart attack or stroke. Propafenone is supplied as tablets for oraluse. Each table is available in the dosage forms of 150 mg and 225 mg. The Foodand Drug Administration (FDA) has already approved this prescription.
Howdoes Propafenone work?
Propafenone lessens thesensitivity of the heart muscle cells to electrical impulses. This slows andregulates the electrical conduction in the heart muscle. In which it helps torestore disturbances in the heart rhythm. This also blocks beta receptors inthe heart that causes a decrease in heart rate and helps in the control ofarrhythmias.
The pumping action of the heart is controlled byelectrical signals that pass through the heart muscle. The electrical signalcauses the two pairs of heart chambers to contract in a regular manner thatproduces the heartbeat. If the electrical activity in the heart is disturbedfor any reason, irregular heartbeats of various types can result. These canseriously undermine the pumping action of the heart and result in inefficientblood circulation around the body.
Howto use Propafenone?
Propafenone is to be taken bymouth usually every 8 hours as directed by your doctor. You may take each dosewith or without a meal. Swallow the tablet as a whole with a full glass ofwater. Do not break, chew, or crush it. Drink plenty of fluids while havingthis medication. Doing so may lessen the risk of certain side effects. If youmissed a dose, take it as soon as you remember it. If it is almost time foryour next dose, skip the missed dose and continue your regular dosing schedule.Do not double the dose to make up for the missed dose. Let your doctor know ifyour condition does not improve or if it gets worse.
The recommended dosage is basedon your medical condition, age, and response to the treatment. Your doctor maydirect you to start at a lower dose and eventually increase it. You should takethe right dose, not more or less. Remember to take it at the same time and inthe same way each day. Do not suddenly stop taking this medication without theconsent of your doctor. It may cause another complication or may worsen yourcurrent condition. For the best benefit from this product, take it regularly.
Whatare the side effects of Propafenone?
Common side effects:
- Loss of appetite
- Loss of balance or coordination
- Ringing in your ears
- Blurred vision
- Unusual dreams
- Shortness of breath
- Fast or slow heartbeat
- Redness, warmth, or tingly feeling under your skin
- Salty, metallic, unpleasant, or unusual taste inthe mouth
Call your doctor if these occur:
- Swelling in your arms or legs
- Sudden weight gain
- Sore throat
- Shortness of breath even mild exertion
Get emergency medical help if youhave these signs of an allergic reaction:
- Trouble breathing
- Swelling of your face, lips, throat, or tongue
- While having this treatment, limit alcoholicbeverages. It may increase your risk of side effects or may worsen yourcondition.
- Propafenone may make you feel dizzy or blur yourvision. Do not drive or do any activity that needs your full alertness.
- Before having this drug, let your doctor know ifyou have any medical history especially of breathing problems, liver problems,or kidney problems.
- During pregnancy, this drug should only be usedwhen needed. If you are breastfeeding women, consult your doctor first.
- This may make you more sensitive to the sun. Limityour time in the sun and use sunscreen or wear protective clothing whenoutside.
- Tell your doctor if you are allergic to thismedicine. This may contain an inactive ingredient that causes an allergicreaction. If an allergic reaction occurs, call for medical help right away.
- Do not share this drug with others even if theyhave the same symptoms as yours.
- Use this with caution in elderly people, thosewith asthma, enlarged heart, heart failure, and structural heart disease.
- This drug should not be used in people with severeelectrical conduction disturbances within the heart.
- This should also not be used in people whoseirregular heartbeat is related to a problem with the sinus node in their heart.
- Propafenone is not recommended in people with a veryslow heart rate and very low blood pressure.
- Keep this prescription far from moisture, heat,and reach of children.