Oxycodone

Oxycodone

Oxycodone is a type of strong painkiller known as opioid or opiate. This is used pain o relieve severe pain associated with cancer or severe injury. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has already approved this medication. 

Cancer is causedby changes in DNA within cells. The DNA inside a cell is packaged into a largenumber of individual genes. Each of which contains a set of instructionstelling the cell what functions to perform and how to grow and divide. Errorsin the instructions can cause the cell to stop its normal function and mayallow a cell to become cancerous. Cancer refers to any one of a large number ofdiseases characterized by the development of abnormal cells that divideuncontrollably and have the ability to infiltrate and destroy normal bodytissue. This often can spread throughout your body. Cancer is thesecond-leading cause of death in the world. But survival rates are improvingfor many types of cancer, thanks to improvements in cancer screening and cancertreatment. Signs and symptoms caused by cancer will vary depending on what partof the body is affected. Some general signs and symptoms associated with, butnot specific to, cancer include:

  • Weight changes
  • Fatigue
  • Persistent cough or trouble breathing
  • Lump or area of thickening that can be felt under the skin
  • Skin changes such as darkening, yellowing, or redness of the skin, changes to existing moles, or sores that won’t heal,
  • Changes in bowel or bladder habits
  • Hoarseness
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Persistent and unexplained fevers or night sweats
  • Persistent and unexplained muscle or joint pain
  • Persistent indigestion or discomfort after eating
  • Unexplained bleeding or bruising 

Injuries canbe caused by accidents or acts of violence. It may occur at work, home, orplay. They can be due to impact from blunt objects or from objects thatpenetrate the body. Injuries can be minor or severe. Minor injuries can oftenbe managed with basic first aid techniques. Major injuries may require medicalintervention or evaluation in an emergency setting. In some cases, a seeminglyminor injury may be a major injury requiring more urgent medical attention.Your doctor will also determine if an underlying medical condition wasresponsible. Treatment of injury depends upon the type and severity. Seriousinjury can lead to permanent disability and may be life-threatening. Injurysymptoms vary depending on the type and severity of the injury itself. Injuriesrange from minor cuts bruises and scrapes to large, severe burns, open wounds,and blunt force resulting in unconsciousness. 

How doesthe medicine work? 

Opioidswork by imitating the action of natural pain-reducing compounds calledendorphins. These are produced in the brain and spinal cord. Oxycodone acts onthe same opioid receptors as our natural endorphins. It stops pain signalsbeing sent by the nerves to the brain. This means that even though the cause ofthe pain may remain, less pain is felt. This medicine is similar to morphineineffectiveness and side effects.

How is amedicine used?

This isaddictive when used recreationally. But in reality, if you’re taking Oxycodoneto relieve pain it’s highly unlikely that you will get addicted to it in thepsychological sense. It is because you’re not taking it to get high. If youneed to take Oxycodone for long periods your body can become tolerant of it, soit may get less effective and you may then need higher doses to control pain.With prolonged use, it is possible to become dependent on this medicine.However, this is not usually a problem when you stop taking it, becausewithdrawal symptoms can be avoided by reducing treatment gradually. You mustn’ttake a higher dose of Oxycodone than prescribed by your doctor or take it forlonger than they recommend. When stopping treatment always follow your doctor’sinstructions.

Thedosage is based on your medical condition and response to treatment. Do notincrease your dose, take the medication more frequently, or take it for alonger time than prescribed. Properly stop the medication when so directed. Themedication is taken by mouth as directed by your doctor. Each dose may be takenwith or without a meal. If you have nausea, it may help if this is taken withfood. 

SideEffects

  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Drowsiness
  • Constipation
  • Vomiting
  • Itching
  • Blurred vision
  • Dizziness
  • Diarrhea
  • Abdominal pain
  • Chills
  • Irritability
  • Fatigue
  • Swelling
  • Fever
  • Back, muscle, or joint pain
  • Loss of appetite
  • Tremor
  • Migraine
  • Cough
  • Increased sweating
  • Insomnia
  • Rash

Precautions

  • Avoid eating grapefruit or drinking grapefruit juice while using this medication unless your doctor says you may do so safely. Grapefruit can increase the chance of side effects with this medicine. 
  • Don’t drink alcohol while taking this drug. This might make you more likely to feel dizzy, sleepy, confused, and get other side effects like blurred vision. It may also increase the risk of serious side effects such as loss of consciousness and shallow breathing with a risk of stopping breathing. 
  • It may be an offense to drive while you are taking Oxycodone. You should not drive if you think it affects your ability to drive safely.
  • If you are driving dangerously while taking oxycodone you will be breaking the law. If you feel you are safe to drive while taking oxycodone, it’s sensible to carry your prescription with you in case you are asked to take a saliva test by the police. If you test positive there is a medical defense if you are taking oxycodone as prescribed, as long as your driving is not impaired.
  • This medicine should not be taken by people with very slow, shallow breathing, with a head injury or raised pressure in the brain, heart failure secondary to chronic lung disease, or with inactivity in the gut. 
  • This should also be needing am extra monitoring and a lower dose in people with kidney or liver problems, low blood pressure, or hypothyroidism. 
  • Inform your doctor if you are allergic to this medicine or if you have any allergies. 
  • Keep this medicine far from direct heat and reach of children.