Cefixime

Cefixime

Where is Cefixime used?

Cefixime is an antibiotic medicine used for the treatment of various infections that are caused by bacteria. These infections may include:

  • Ear infections
  • Chest infections (bronchitis or sinusitis)
  • Urinary tract infections (UTI)

This medication stops the growth and development of the bacteria in your body. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has already approved this medication.

How does Cefixime work?

Cefixime works by interfering with the formation of bacterial cell walls. This medication impairs the bonds that hold the bacterial cell wall together. Wherein, it allows holes to appear in the cell walls. This kills off the bacteria causing the infection. Cefixime is a broad-spectrum antibiotic which means it kills a wide variety of different types of bacteria. 

A broad-spectrum antibiotic is an antibiotic that acts on the two major bacterial groups, gram-negative and gram-positive, or any antibiotic that acts against a wide range of disease-causing bacteria. 

How is Cefixime taken?

Take this medication by mouth either with or without a meal. This is usually taken once a day or as directed by your doctor. In children, this medication may also be taken twice a day every 12 hours. The dosage is based on your medical condition and response to the treatment. In children, the dosage is also based on their weight.

Your doctor may start you at a low dose and gradually increase your dose. Use this medication regularly to get the most benefit from it. It is important to continue taking this medication even if you feel well. You should not stop quickly taking this medication without the consultation of your doctor. Inform your doctor if your condition does not improve or if it worsens.

What are the possible side effects of Cefixime?

  • Constipation
  • Nausea
  • Loss of appetite
  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Drowsiness
  • Runny nose
  • Sore throat
  • Cough 

Call your doctor right away if you have these side effects:

  • Persistent nausea or vomiting
  • Severe stomach or abdominal pain
  • Dark urine
  • Yellowing eyes or skin
  • Unusual tiredness

What are the precautions in using Cefixime?

  • Cefixime should not take by babies under six months of age. 
  • People with kidney problems may need a lower Cefixime dose or extra monitoring. 
  • If you are pregnant make sure your doctor knows before you start treatment with this antibiotic. This is not known to be harmful if used during pregnancy. But, it will only be prescribed if your doctor thinks it is essential to treat your infection.
  • Cefixime passes into breast milk in small amounts that are unlikely to be harmful to a nursing baby. It is if you’re taking a typical course of this antibiotic. However, if you’re taking a particularly high dose or a long course of Cefixime, your doctor might ask you to monitor your baby for any signs of stomach upset or oral thrush infection.
  • Avoid or limit alcoholic beverages while having this medication. If you feel unwell with your infection or if you find this drug gives you a headache then drinking alcohol could make this worse. 
  • Before taking this prescription, let your doctor know if you ever had any medical history such as kidney disease or a certain intestinal disease. 
  • Tell as well to your doctor if you are taking other medications including herbal supplements or vitamins.