For different reasons, people are overweight. From a medical viewpoint, being obese could be a risk factor for being infected with COVID-19. However, there are many whys and wherefores why obesity is considered a big factor. Obese patients frequently have underlying medical conditions that are associated with their weight like cardiovascular disease or type-2 diabetes.
Obesity Being A Risk Factor
The immune system of the obese individual could be impaired. Consequently, their immune system is always switched on and might not have an adequate reserve to fight a serious condition effectively. The excess weight in the body specifically around the abdomen could also prevent the lungs which expands fully and fill the air. As a result, if they need to work harder, it is restricted. Also, a patient who is obese is physically harder to intubate. It is a process where an airway tube is inserted down the throat to let the air pass via the lungs. It is because obese people tend to have a thicker neck which puts pressure on the airways. Some patients in the intensive care unit that is infected with COVID-19 do better if they are lying on their stomachs as more air can get into the lungs. This is more difficult to do for obese patients. Obese people are also difficult to transport. Most of the healthcare systems are not well set up to manage patients who are obese.
The General Health Concerns
Obesity is known as a disruption of energy balance which leads to metabolic disturbances and weight gain that causes tissue dysfunction and stress. This means that being obese is not just being overweight but the adverse effect it has on the individual’s health. One of the adverse effects is a disruption in a function of the immune system called neutrophil line and lymphoid. These can state infection from normal tissue that it needs to be kept in a cautious balance. Through these, they will be able to keep the immune system healthy.
Obesity could disrupt the balance and might lead to low levels of long-lasting inflammation of normal tissue that is caused by certain cells. This puts the body at a low level of physical stress. The chronic inflammation of the normal tissue and the imbalance in the immune system has put obese people at higher rates of chronic diseases and a higher risk of complications of infections. It is no surprise if obese people are struck down with COVDI-29. Obese people will also be at increased risk of severe complications. It may be hard, but obesity tends to be the second biggest risk factor after the age when it comes to developing serious complications of COVID-19.
What Can Obese People Do To Lessen Their Risk?
Anything you could do to lessen your weight is likely to help manage your risk. Aside from lessening your risk of being infected with COVID-19, losing weight helps decrease your risk of any other complications such as heart problems. If you wanted to lose weight, do it in a heart-healthy way. You may need a healthy balanced diet to keep your immune system working properly which helps you fight COVID-19 and other infections.